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Buying a new roof and getting the most out of your roofing company.
Our purpose for this information will help you make a more informed decision as a consumer and, when the time comes, a better roof system buyer.
A new roof is a big investment of time and money. We want to assist you in getting a quality roof system at a fair price from a expert roofing contractor.
Here are some Roof system components.
All steep-slope roof systems (roofs with slopes of 25 percent or more) have five basic components.
Roof covering: shingles, tile, slate or metal and underlayment that protect the sheathing from weather.
To cover a house we use sheathing boards or material that are fastened to the rafters.
To help support the sheathing you need a roof structure, rafters and trusses.
To prevent water leakage you need flashing which is a sheet metal that is installed at various valleys and joints.
Drainage: a roof system's design features, such as shape, slope and layout that affect its ability to shed water.
Finally you design the shape, slope and layout to get the best roll-off of water when it rains.
Choosing a roof system
There are a several things to keep in mind when choosing a new roof system. Naturally, cost and durability should be at the top of the list, but aesthetics and architectural style are essential as well. The right roof system for your home or building is one that merges these five elements flawlessly.
The following roofing products are most commonly used for steep-slope structures.
Asphalt shingles take an overwhelming piece of the U.S. steep-slope roofing market and can be tied for better results with organic or fiberglass materials. Even though asphalt shingles reinforced with organic felts have been around for decades, fiberglass-reinforced products now dominate the industry.
Are comprised of a cellulose-fiber (wood) base that is diluted with asphalt and coated with colored mineral granules.
Are comprised of a fiberglass mat, upper-and-lower layers of asphalt, and mineral granules.
Asphalt shingles level of fire resistance is an alpha numeric system. They are categorized by Class A, B or C. Class A is the most fire-resistant; Classes B and C typify less fire resistance. Usually, most fiberglass shingles have Class A fire ratings, and most organic shingles have Class C ratings.
The reinforcement of shingles has little effect on its look. Organic and fiberglass products are available in laminated grades that show off a textured design. To protect against algae, mold or mildew, a common problem in warm, humid parts of Florida, zinc or copper-coated ceramic granules also can be adhered to organic or fiberglass shingles. There are a variety of colors for both as well.
Despite their reinforcing type and look, asphalt shingles' physical characteristics vary greatly. NRCA recommends use of shingles that comply with American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards-ASTM D 225 for organic shingles and ASTM D 3462 for fiberglass shingles. These standards make sure the composition and physical properties of asphalt shingles make the grade. Not all asphalt shingles in the industry comply with these standards. Roofing Clearwater Pros uses roofing materials that meets and exceed these standards.
Tile—clay or concrete—is a very durable roofing material. Used widely in the Southwest and Florida, mission and Spanish-style round-topped tiles. You can create French and English looks by using flat style tiles. Tile has many color options and textures. Tile is also heavy. If you are replacing roof system of a different type with tile, you will need to check with your contractor to determine if current structure can maintain it.
One alternative for home and business owners with steep-slope roofs is Metal roofing, primarily thought of as a low-slope roofing material. There are two types of metal roofing products: shingles and panels. There are a number of metal panel shapes and many schematics exist. Metal shingles generally are intended to mimic traditional roof coverings. In addition to metal roofing's longevity, metal shingles are also lightweight, have a better resistance to inclement weather and can be pleasing to the eyes.
We recommend taking a look at all roofing materials before buying. Get a feel for their look and feel. Also check other homes who have the material already and get a idea of what you are looking for.
Ventilation and insulation are also important.
One of the most important factors in roof system longevity is proper ventilation. Fail at this and heat and moisture can build up in an attic which can cause rafters and sheathing to rot, shingles to crack, and insulation to lose its purpose.
It is important to note to never cut off roof ventilation, such as louvers, ridge vents or soffit vents.. Adequate attic ventilation will insure that structural damage will not occur, lengthen roofing material life, cut down energy consumption and increase the comfort level of your home below the attic.
Further adding to the free flow of air, insulation plays a key part in proper attic ventilation. An perfect attic has:
A gap-free layer of insulation on bottom of the attic, the area right above your ceiling, to protect the house below from losing or gaining heat.
A vapor reducer under the insulation and next to the ceiling to stop moisture from getting into the attic
Enough open, vented areas to allow air to pass in and out without hindrance.
A minimum of 1 inch between the insulation and roof sheathing per industry requirements.
This is especially important in Florida. NRCA recommends a minimum of 1 square foot of free vent area for each 150 square feet of attic floor—with vents placed evenly at the eaves (soffits) and at the ridge.
Even roofs have a foe.
A roof system's performance is dependent by many factors. Knowing about the following will ensure you make an educated roof system buying decision.
Sun: Heat and ultraviolet rays cause roofing materials to slowly deteriorate. This happens faster if you roof is in the sun’s rays for longer periods in the day as opposed to partial shade.
Rain: If water gets underneath shingles, shakes or other roofing materials, it can find its way to the roof deck and make the roof structure to rot. With extra moisture you can be sure to find mildew and rot elsewhere in a house, including walls, ceilings,
insulation and electrical systems.
Wind: High winds can lightly pull shingles' edges (or other roofing materials) and thereby force water and debris underneath them. Of course during a hurricane extremely high winds can cause serious damage.
Condensation: In Clearwater and the Tampa Bay area condensation can come about from the buildup of relatively warm, moisture-laden air. Moisture in a poorly ventilated attic as said above, brings decay of wood sheathing and rafters, which will destroying a roof structure. Adequate attic ventilation can solve this problem by installing larger or additional vents.
Algae: Algae also grows in damp, shaded areas on asphalt shingle roof systems. Besides creating a black-green stain, algae can hold moisture, causing rot and deterioration. Trees and bushes should be trimmed away from homes and buildings to discourage damp, shaded areas, and gutters should be kept clean so water remains away from roof.
Trees and leaves: Tree branches touching a roof can create holes in the roofing materials when the branches are moved by the wind. Falling branches from trees can damage, or even puncture, shingles and other roofing materials. Leaves on a roof system's surface hold moisture as well and should be kept off the roof.
Missing or torn shingles: A roof system's effectiveness is complete protection. When shingles are missing or torn off, a roof structure and home or business interior are made vulnerable to water damage and rot. The problem is more likely to spread to nearby shingles. You should replace these as soon as possible.
Shingle depreciation: When shingles have aged, they curl, split and lose their waterproofing ability. Weakened shingles can be easily blown off by wind gusts. The end result is again rot and damage. A deteriorated roof system will not get better over time but worse. The longer it is let go the more expensive the repair will be.
Flashing deterioration: Many apparent roof leaks can actually be flashing leaks. Flashing should be tight around chimneys, vents, skylights and wall/roof junctions or otherwise. again, water can enter a home or building. These should be inspected routinely by a contractor to maintain that they are doing their job.
Buying a new roof system is by far the most important investment. Before you spend on this investment, take some time learning how to check roofing contractors. You should only work with a professional roofing contractor. All roofing contractors are not the same and the job should only be done once in your lifetime.
We hope you found this information useful and helps you understand the process of roof replacement in Clearwater and the Greater Tampa Bay Area.
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We will assist you on every step of the process from the materials we use to the process or payment.
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We desire all of our roofs to have the longest active life in quality and duration.